Mortgage loans are mainly for the purpose of house property payments. The loan consists of two parts, i.e., the down payment and the installment. The down payment is the initial payment in cash which is done and the rest is the loan facility availed as mortgage. The home is retained as collateral against the mortgage.
If the mortgage payments are not paid, the lender will begin a power of sale process, which does not involve directly taking over the control of the home, but is a legal process involving court system. The process is laid down in the mortgage paperwork.
To be eligible for a mortgage, first you need to go to a bank and get pre-mortgage approval or you can see a mortgage broker. Banks will review your Canadian credit history, or if you are a newcomer, the bank will look at your overseas credit history. Mortgage lenders in Canada provide up to 80% of the purchase price of the property.
TDS and GDS are two ratios used by lender. GDS or Gross Debt Service is a calculation which uses the total of your property cost, interest, taxes, heating and condo fees (if any). According to CMHC this cannot exceed 35% of your monthly income. TDS or total debt service is GDS plus other obligations (such as line of credits, car loans, etc). According to Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CHMC), TDS cannot generally exceed 42% of your total monthly income. Using these calculations is a great way for the lenders to judge whether or not you will be able to afford to pay for your new home.
Lenders know that borrowers are on the conservative side when they hear stories of interest rate hikes and they often have economic incentives to get you to lock into a longer term. They do that so the interest payments remain secure so that they can count on that money to use elsewhere. The unfortunate result is that many people ignore shorter terms that could save them money. A longer term gives you some peace of mind, but you also pay a premium for it.
Your mortgage term is the most important factor determining how much interest you will pay. Closed mortgages have no room for play and your rate is what it is until maturity. Most “no-frills” mortgages have lower rates, but you are also tied to the lender for the term or until you sell.
Long term do makes sense for people with having to do with many other personal expenses and a little expected increment in income, so locking in for a longer period makes sense, and also to pay more interest. But, people with so-so credit, can opt for the short term one. After paying for the mortgage for a while, their borrowing power rises and also a better rate is a distinct possibility. A onetime settlement is always available in any case.
You can also opt for refinancing in case you are unable to pay the mortgage loans, provided it involves conversion costs and should be provided for by the terms of mortgage.